Article 4 of Protocol No. 4 - Prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens

Case-Law Guide

The Case-Law Guide provides an overview of Convention case-law on this Article.
Responsive Image

Article Updates

Cases selected for updating the Case-Law Guide.

A.A. and Others v. North Macedonia, nos. 55798/16 and 4 others


Migrants arriving in large groups and circumventing genuine and effective legal entry procedures.
Judgment | Legal Summary

M.A. and Others v. Latvia (dec.), no. 25564/18


Family refused entry by border guards at a border crossing point with standardised forms. 

M.H. and Others v. Croatia, nos. 15670/18 and 43115/18


Summary return of parent and six children by Croatian police outside official border crossing.
Judgment | Legal Summary

Responsive Image

Key Themes

Annotated case-lists on a subject of relevance to this Article.

Responsive Image

Useful Materials

Selected case-law materials concerning this Article.

Responsive Image

Useful Links

Links to selected websites of relevance to this Article.