Article 14 and Article 1 of Protocol No. 12 - Prohibition of discrimination

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Valiullina and Truši v. Latvia, nos. 56928/19 and 2 others


Article 14 in conjunction with Article 2 of Protocol No. 1: legislative amendments increasing the proportion of subjects taught in the State language, that is Latvian, and thus reducing the use of Russian, as the language of instruction in public schools.
Judgment | Legal Summary

Kovačević v. Bosnia and Herzegovina, no. 43651/22


Article 1 of Protocol No. 12: inability of the applicant, due to a combination of territorial and ethnic requirements, to vote for candidates of his choice in legislative and presidential elections.
Judgment | Legal Summary

Semenya v. Switzerland, no. 10934/21


Article 14 in conjunction with Article 8: discrimination against a professional athlete who was required under non-State regulations to lower her natural testosterone level to compete in the women’s category in international competitions.
Judgment | Legal Summary

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