Article 4 of Protocol No. 4 - Prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens

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All Updates


Cases selected for updating the Case-Law Guide.

A.A. and Others v. North Macedonia, nos. 55798/16 and 4 others

05/04/22

Migrants arriving in large groups and circumventing genuine and effective legal entry procedures.
Judgment | Legal Summary


M.A. and Others v. Latvia (dec.), no. 25564/18

29/03/22

Family refused entry by border guards at a border crossing point with standardised forms. 
Decision


M.H. and Others v. Croatia, nos. 15670/18 and 43115/18

18/11/21

Summary return of parent and six children by Croatian police outside official border crossing.
Judgment | Legal Summary


D.A. and Others v. Poland, no. 51246/17

08/07/21

Collective expulsion despite applicants’ intention to apply for international protection.
Judgment 


Shahzad v. Hungary, no. 12625/17

08/07/21

Collective nature of applicant’s removal after irregular but undisruptive entry. Applicability and merits.
Judgment |  Legal Summary


M.K. and Others v. Poland, nos. 40503/17 and 2 others

23/07/20

Refusal of border guards to receive asylum applications and summary removal to a third country, with a risk of refoulement to and ill-treatment in the country origin.
Judgment | Legal Summary


Moustahi v. France, no. 9347/14

25/06/20

Failure to examine situation of unaccompanied minors arbitrarily associated with an unrelated adult for the purpose of removal with him.
Judgment | Legal Summary


Asady and Others v. Slovakia, no. 24917/15

24/03/20

Removal to Ukraine by the Slovakian police of a group of Afghan nationals following their unauthorised crossing of the land border.
Judgment


N.D. and N.T. v. Spain [GC], nos. 8675/15 and 8697/15

13/02/20

Immediate and forcible return of aliens from a land border, following an attempt by migrants to cross in an unauthorised manner and en masse. Applicability and merits.
JudgmentLegal Summary


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